Lake Chalice Wines was honoured to attend the release of two Kārearea chicks last month from their hack box located at our Eyrie Vineyard in the Waihopai Valley. This was a truly magical and heartwarming experience that we would like to share.

The two chicks, aged 44 weeks, were born and raised in the expert hands of the Marlborough Falcon Conservation Trust, spending four months in their Lake Chalice hatch to slowly adjust to the big wide world before being released into the wild. 

The Marlborough Falcon Conservation Trust (MFCT): 

The MFCT works incredibly hard to rescue, rehabilitate and increase the population numbers of New Zealand’s last remaining endemic bird in the greater Marlborough area, but they also service the entire South Island. They’ve been operating since late 2008, and have two full-time staff, Diana and Lizzie, as well as a number of volunteers, who feed the birds, maintain the aviary and offer general support.

The MFCT have a relatively stable population of breeding pairs, many of whom would not survive in the wild due to life threatening injuries or issues. A small number of these resident falcons are unable to breed because of age or impediment to their fertility.

Lake Chalice and the MFCT:

We at Lake Chalice have been proud to support such an amazing organisation as the Marlborough Falcon Conservation Trust for a number of years now, with our recent support coming in the form of the hack box at our Eyrie Vineyard in the Waihopai Valley. It provides shelter for birds before being released into the wild and within the shelter they are fed and given a few months to take in the view of the vineyards every day. 

We also worked to insulate electrical transformers close to the vineyard to protect the birds. The thinking is, that by giving them time and safe shelter the Falcons will remain in the area once released.

The Kārearea:

The New Zealand Falcon, also known as the Kārearea, is classified as near-threatened, with only around 5000 left in the wild. MFCT and Wingspan in the North Island are the only two organisations in the country who work towards conservation of the species. 

Capable of flying at speeds up to 230 km/h, it is the fastest bird in New Zealand, and can catch prey mid-flight, and larger than itself. They have eyesight eight times better than the average human (but not good night vision). The Kārearea therefore unfortunately often fall victims of power lines, common pests (such as stoats and cats), and habitat destruction, which is why Lake Chalice is proud to support the MFCT in their endeavours to conserve the species. 

They are smaller than you might expect, females weighing around 500 grams, or the size of a magpie, and males weighing around 350 grams, or the size of a pigeon. 

The Falcon is exceptional at gathering prey, including black shags, poultry and pheasants. They will also hunt mammals such as rabbits and hares. These juvenile chicks will likely feed on insects including cicadas, dragonflies and huhu beetles, especially during this period in which they are learning to hunt for themselves.

Falcon Breeding:

A Kārearea pair will mate for life, share nesting incubation and reach breeding age at one year old. They are spring/summer breeders and do not build nests, as you might expect from a bird. In fact, they make a ‘scrape’ on the ground, in a sheltered spot, ideally near forest trees, in which it lays its eggs. Their typical clutch consists of between two and four eggs, and it takes around 33 days for them to hatch.

The female tends to stay close to the nestlings until their feathers come through, which is around 30-45 days after hatching. The male is tasked with the majority of the hunting, however both parents feed the chicks. 

Was that a Falcon or a Hawk I just saw?

The place you’re most likely to see the Falcon is on the New Zealand $20 note, as unfortunately sightings are not common. 

There are a couple of key ways to tell the difference between the two including:

  • The Kārearea is much smaller than the hawk.
  • Hawks will fly and glide through the air, whereas falcons have a relatively fast and consistent wing beat.
  • Falcons will swoop on prey, as opposed to the hawk who glides to search for prey.
  • Hawks commonly land and eat roadkill, whereas the falcon will rarely do so. 

An amazing bird right?! We’re so happy to support the MFCT in helping the Kārearea survive and thrive now and into the future. Seeing these two beautiful birds being released into the wild to live their lives was an amazing experience, check out the video of the release below:

Sources:
https://www.mfct.org.nz/
https://www.birdoftheyear.org.nz/new-zealand-falcon https://www.wingspan.co.nz/birds_of_prey_new_zealand_falcon.html
http://nzbirdsonline.org.nz/species/new-zealand-falcon
https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-animals/birds/birds-a-z/nz-falcon-karearea/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_falcon